Spending on men’s international transfer fees rose over the past decade from $ 2.66 billion in 2012 to a high of $ 7.35 billion in 2019, with a total of $ 48.5 billion spent , while players’ agents received $ 3.5 billion in commissions, according to a study by the world association FIFA.

According to the study, the average transfer fees for players joining a club in another country rose steadily between 2012 and 2019, before the COVID-19 pandemic weighed on finances and dropped to US $ 5.63 billion in 2020 Dollars have been spent. The top 30 clubs are all based in Europe.

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Most of the spending on a player was the € 222million Paris Saint-Germain deal to take over Neymar from Barcelona in 2017.

Brazilian players traveled the most, topping the list with over 15,000 transfers between clubs in different countries.

“From 11,890 transfers in 2011 to a high of 18,079 in 2019, a total of 133,225 international transfers and loans from professional players took place,” said FIFA.

“The transfers involved 66,789 players and 8,264 clubs from 200 FIFA member associations, which underscores the role football plays in the global economy.”

English clubs spent the most over the past decade at $ 12.4 billion, followed by Spain ($ 6.7 billion), Italy ($ 5.6 billion), and Germany ($ 4.4 billion) Billion US dollars) and France (4 billion US dollars).

Paris Saint-Germain’s deal to get Neymar from Barcelona was the most spent amount on a transfer. Photo by FRANCK FIFE / AFP via Getty Images

The only non-European country in the top 10 was China, where clubs spent $ 1.7 billion on transfers to attract high profile players to the Chinese Super League.

Agent commissions increased from $ 131.1 million in 2011 to $ 640.5 million in 2019, an almost five-fold increase.

Manchester City (130 inbound transfers) and Chelsea (95) topped the spending charts, while Portuguese clubs Benfica and Sporting were the biggest benefactors of the transfer fees.

Together with Porto, the three Portuguese teams have had great success in signing or developing young talent and selling their rights for big profits, topping the list of clubs with a positive net transfer fee balance.

City and Chelsea both had over 200 players on loan – more than any other club.